Wzniesienia Łódzkie Landscape Park A landscape park is one of forms of territorial nature protection in Poland. Within its area, "natural, historical and cultural values are protected, and the aim of its creation is to preserve, popularise and disseminate these values in conditions of balanced development."
The Wzniesienia Łódzkie Landscape Park has been created in 1996. It is located between Łódź, Brzeziny and Stryków, on an area of 13767 ha. Numerous hills in the southern part of the park offer wonderful vistas of some of the most attractive landscapes in the region.Diverse terrain relief, numerous springs and deeply incised river valleys as well as the abundance of various plant and animal species make this area rich and very attractive.
Origins of the terrain relief in this vicinity date back to the Pleistocene ice age (ca. 180 thousand years ago). At that time, climate conditions prevalent in the current area of Poland were favourable for the formation of continental glacier. Due to its shaping and destructive action, many interesting geomorphological forms have been formed in this area. These forms have undergone extensive remodelling in subsequent geological periods, they are nevertheless still distinctly visible in the shape of the terrain.Erratic boulders occur rather commonly within the territory of the park. These are rock fragments which had been transported here by the glacier from Scandinavia.
The major part of the park territory is covered with farmland. Forests occupy 28% of its area.
The rich flora (i.a. globe flower, mezeron, round leaved sundew, clubmosses, orchois) as well as diverse fauna (i.a. leisler's noctule, firebeiled toad, fisherking).
Old trees that remember the times when all of this area was covered by the extensive Łódź Primeval Forest. Various types of forests (bright oak forest, oak-hornbeam forest, bog alder forest, floodplain ash-elm), picturesque meadows, pure rivers and many different types of springs.
The cultural heritage of the park includes: remains of an old settlement from the 6th century in Stare Skoszewy - the oldest relic of material culture within the territory of the park which had been the first centre of power and administration in this region, furthermore the baroque monastery in Łagiewniki, wooden church from the 17th century in Niesułków, mansion in Byszewy which played a role in the life of Jarosław Iwaszkiewicz, a Polish writer, many huts from 19th century roadside chapels as well as World War I and World War II cemeteries.
Nature preserves: Struga Dobieszkowska, protecting the naturally meandering river Młynówka together with its valley that supports richly growing floodplain forests, Las Łagiewnicki where the object of protection is oak-hornbeam forest, as well as Parowy Janinowskie with an interesting arrangement of terrain relief forms covered with beech forest
In contract to a national park, residence and leisure housing development is allowed within the boundaries of a landscape park. This development is, however, restricted to housing zones specified in the ground management zoning plans of individual communes which are located within the area of the park. There is also a ban on industrial development and construction of sites which may negatively influence the landscape and natural values of the park.
There is also a ban on industrial development and construction of sites which may negatively influence the landscape and natural values of the park.
Many tourist and sightseeing events take place within the Park. These include long-range walking excursions, bus and cycling trips as well as activities which aim at teaching their participants the fundamentals of nature protection.
Prepared by K. Krakowska
Translated by Łukasz Pułaski